• The symptoms of lung disease

Chronic cough in adults

Overview

Occasionally coughing to clear secretions from the lungs and particles and helps to prevent infection. Although sometimes cough can become a chronic condition. By definition, chronic cough cough is said to be 8 weeks or longer.

Although cough is usually a sign of a serious problem, but can be annoying. Frequent coughing uncomfortable and can lead to fatigue, difficulty sleeping, dizziness, hoarseness, perspiration and urine leakage (especially in the house) is.

The causes of chronic cough

The most common causes of chronic cough include:

· Postnasal drip

· Asthma

· Gastroesophageal acid reflux

These three cases are usually responsible for over 90% of all cases of chronic cough.

Less common causes include infection, drug and causes lung disease.

Postnasal drip (arrows D)

Postnasal drip caused when the nasal discharge will flow to the back of the throat. This discharge can cause throat irritation and coughing are driving. Discharge arrows D can develop in people with allergies, colds, rhinitis and sinusitis occur. Symptoms of arrows D include:

· Nasal congestion

· Rhinorrhea

· Sense the presence of fluid in the back of the throat

· Feeling the need for frequent throat clearing.

Although some people have no symptoms other than cough do not realize ND.

Asthma

Asthma second most common cause of chronic cough in adults and a major cause coughing children. In addition to the possibility of cough, wheezing and feeling short of breath there. Although some people have the condition as a form of asthma cough that cough is the only symptom of asthma.

Seasonal asthma-related cough may be followed by an infection in the upper respiratory tract line which caused or may be exposed to cold air or dry, smoke or an odor develops.

Acid reflux into the esophagus (Round)

Back gastroesophageal acid reflux, also known as Marvi, occurs when acid from the stomach into the esophagus have returned. Marvi gastroesophageal reflux disease, the symptoms of acid reflux is said to be created.

Many people who are suffering from cough caused by acid reflux, or heartburn may also be bitter mouth. Although some people with the disease, cough is the only symptom of it.

Other causes:

Other conditions that can cause chronic cough include the following:

Upper respiratory tract infection: for example, a cold may lead to a cough that lasts more than 8 weeks. This may be due to postnasal drip and cough or irritation of the airways caused by infection.

Many people with chronic cough following infection, the treatment of asthma, cough, nasal drip or form respond. Sometimes Trakyv bronchial bacterial infection or bacterial sinusitis can occur after a viral infection of the upper respiratory tract bacterial infection Trakyv bronchial almost in all cases, patients will have a productive cough.

Sputum color from light yellow to dark green and even brown. Similarly, almost all cases of chronic cough, bacterial sinusitis, sinus congestion and nasal discharge patients of color that will flow back of the throat. If there is no improvement in color of sputum or nasal drip after 14-10 days we may need antibiotics to treat infections.

Use of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors: angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor drugs commonly used to treat hypertension, causes of chronic cough in more than 20 percent of the disease. The cough is usually dry and cut. Change the drug to other drugs can lead to improvements in a period of 1 or 2 weeks the cough.

Chronic bronchitis: Chronic bronchitis is a condition in which the airways, causing coughing, sometimes with sputum becomes damaged. Most people with chronic bronchitis or smoker or smoking in the past.

Lung Cancer: Although lung cancer can cause coughing, a very small number of people with chronic cough with lung cancer. Cancer risk in smokers with

· Sudden change in the pattern of cough

· Cough with bloody sputum

· Continue to cough for more than a month after dropping cigarette

 Is greater.

Eosinophilic bronchitis: a special type of inflammation in the airways that can cause chronic cough. Eosinophilic bronchitis, asthma prevalence is much less.

Diagnosis of chronic cough

To diagnose the cause of chronic cough medical staff ask questions about your symptoms and physical examination do.

Based on symptoms and examination, the doctor may recommend a trial of a drug test before the other. If you are sure the treatment is better, no longer need to perform the tests. But if you do not find relief or if your diagnosis is not clear and definite, further investigation may be recommended, including the following:

· Imaging of the lungs: If you are already a smoker or a history of smoking in the past like or conditions Tbyhstyd lungs are affected, a simple picture or CT scan of the chest may be done .



· Test of gastroesophageal acid reflux to confirm the diagnosis of acid reflux, may measure the level of political